of Jerusalem - Albert Avogadro
Day - September 17th
April 8th by the Carmelites
Born to wealthy Italian nobility, well educated, especially in theology.
Ordained, he served as priest to Holy Cross Abbey in Mortara, Italy.
Abbey prior. Bishop of Bobbio. Bishop of Vercelli. Mediated disputes
between Pope Clement III and Frederick Barbarossa, and for his efforts
was named Prince of the Empire. Papal legate to Northern Italy.
Helped formulate the Rule for Saint Borcard and his hermits. This
Rule later was adopted as the Rule for the Carmelites, and thus
Albert is considered a cofounder of the order. Patriarch of Jerusalem
in 1205 under Pope Innocent III, a position that generally led to
conflict with the Muslims, and martyrdom. Held the office nearly
10 years. Summoned to serve in the General Council of the Lateran,
but murdered before he could attend.
Born - 1149 at Parma, Italy
as Albert Avogadro
Died - September 14, 1215. Stabbed to death in the Church
of Saint John of Acre while part of the procession of the feast
of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, by a disgruntled hospital administrator
he had been forced to fire.